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A complex dynamic between poverty, environmental vulnerability and fragility continues to affect significant numbers of poor people. While some countries have shown improved capacity to cope with shocks, the lack of subnational data masks significant local variations in community resilience.

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A growth of just 1. A greater proportion of official development assistance ODA is being spent as humanitarian assistance. Increased volumes of humanitarian assistance to the 20 largest recipients have not been matched by investments of non-humanitarian ODA. A small number of donor governments continue to contribute the majority of international humanitarian assistance. Individual giving remains the single largest source of private donations, though those from trusts and foundations are growing. Humanitarian assistance reaches people in need via multiple channels and transaction chains.

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There was a slight increase in direct funding to national and local NGOs, from 1. But local and national NGOs received just 0. Unearmarked funds allow agencies to anticipate and respond to changing needs. However, self-reporting by nine UN agencies suggests that although the volume of unearmarked funds is increasing, it is not growing as a share of the total. Given the number of protracted crises and that 17 of the 20 largest recipients of international humanitarian assistance in were either long-term or medium-term recipients, adaptable multi-year planning and funding is essential.

Consistent and comparable data on multi-year funding remains unavailable, but a review of UN-coordinated appeals suggests an increase in the volume of requirements for multi-year appeals despite a reduction in their number.

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Cash transfer programming can enable recipients of humanitarian assistance to choose how best to meet their needs. Greater transparency of the financing flows to humanitarian crises is important to enable coherent responses and to identify gaps. Poverty, vulnerability and crisis are inseparably linked. Many also live in countries at high risk of such shocks.

Over million people in countries were estimated to be in need of humanitarian assistance in Conflict continued to fuel much of this need, with protracted violence and unrest continuing in many countries, including Yemen, Syria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo DRC , and new outbreaks in Nigeria among others.

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In , all 10 of the countries with the largest numbers of people in need faced complex crises involving conflict. Of the million people identified as in need of humanitarian assistance, Conflict, violence and persecution drove ever more people from their homes in The total number of people forcibly displaced grew for the sixth consecutive year to an estimated Response to the overspill of crises and the forced displacement of populations led to Turkey and Greece featuring among the 10 largest recipients of humanitarian assistance for the first time.

The pattern of protracted, recurrent crises seen in previous years continued. This concentration of international assistance to long-running crises reaffirms the importance of developing longer-term, multi-year plans and funding. Notes: Charts not to scale.

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Eight Middle East and North of Sahara countries are excluded due to lack of national or regional representative data. Crisis can also deplete limited resources, deepening poverty. National data is available on poverty, fragility and environmental vulnerability but this can mask vulnerability in subnational locations. Notes: The 20 countries are selected based on the size of displaced populations in Notes: Data is in constant prices. Notes: Long-, medium- or short-term classification is determined by the length of time the country has received an above-average share of its official development assistance ODA in the form of humanitarian assistance.

Calculations are based on shares of country-allocable humanitarian assistance. Data is in constant prices. Responses should be designed to reflect the long-term and complex nature of many of these crises addressing humanitarian and development needs. Most international humanitarian assistance continued to go to long- and medium-term recipients.

An increase in estimated contributions from private donors was the primary driver of the limited overall growth in international humanitarian assistance. There were two fewer UN-coordinated appeals 41 in than in The appeals of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement requested smaller amounts than UN appeals but their requirements were proportionately much better met.

Governments have the primary responsibility to prepare for, respond to and support recovery from crises in their own territories. However, where domestic capacity cannot meet the scale of needs, international assistance can alleviate suffering and address the longer-term developmental needs often underpinning and exacerbating crisis. While the volume of international humanitarian assistance to its largest recipients is rising, these countries have not received comparable increases in levels of non-humanitarian official development assistance ODA.

Multilateral development banks have an increasingly important role to play in this respect. Notes: Figures for are preliminary estimates. The growth of international humanitarian assistance seen in recent years has slowed. The slight increase in was primarily driven by an increase in the estimated contribution of private donors. UN-coordinated appeals are central to humanitarian response.

The three regional response plans RRPs are shaded to avoid double counting with country humanitarian response plans HRPs. Data is in current prices. ICRC figures represent total budgets and contributions for all field operations. Notes: Government revenue may include grants for Turkey and Yemen. There are notable differences in the mix of international resources flowing to the 20 largest recipients of humanitarian assistance compared with other developing countries:.

Humanitarian assistance figures refer to official humanitarian assistance only. Multilateral development banks play an increasingly important role in crisis financing. They channel funds as humanitarian assistance, and also provide financing beyond humanitarian assistance to countries affected by and at risk of crisis. The volume of financing available is also significant. Private funding figures use our unique dataset on private contributions for humanitarian assistance.

This supports middle income countries hosting large numbers of refugees by providing low interest development loans to host governments to respond to the needs of refugees and their host communities. In , volumes of international humanitarian assistance provided by government donors remained at similar levels to These increases were counterbalanced by reductions among other donors.


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Contributions of EU member states include an imputed amount of their expenditure see our online Methodology and definitions. EU institutions are also included separately for comparison and are shaded differently. Some notable year-on-year increases and decreases in the volumes of international humanitarian assistance provided by individual governments are evident. Calculations only include humanitarian assistance spent internationally, not in-country. See our online Methodology and definitions. In , volumes of international humanitarian assistance from different regions showed only minor changes from Source: Development Initiatives based on our unique dataset of private contributions.

This figure shows how sources of private international humanitarian assistance have varied between and Pooled funds can deliver flexible, responsive funding. Signatories to the Grand Bargain have committed to make progress in improving the efficiency and effectiveness of humanitarian assistance. With some targets set for , only two years remain to realise these goals.

But results are hard to track. Improving transparency through better reporting, dissemination and use of information is important in measuring progress towards these targets. Unearmarked funding can bring greater flexibility and responsiveness to humanitarian action, as well as greater autonomy for responders.

Cash-transfer programming CTP can provide choice and empower recipients of humanitarian assistance. Improvements have been made in tracking CTP but reporting systems need to develop mechanisms to track it at sufficiently disaggregated levels. It often passes through one or more levels of recipients before reaching people affected by crisis. Source: Development Initiatives based on data provided bilaterally by UN agencies. UNDP data is not included for For all agencies, data is preliminary and may be revised.

They allow donors to contribute to collective humanitarian responses and can provide rapid assistance as emergencies develop. The CERF only provides funding directly to UN agencies; however, it is possible to trace this funding to first- and second-level recipients. Circles are scaled by percentage. Government authorities in Bahamas and Greece are counted as national responders since they received international humanitarian assistance in RCRC National Societies that received international humanitarian assistance to respond to domestic crises are included. For organisation coding methodology, see our online Methodology and definitions.

Notes: CTP: Cash-transfer programming. Cash-transfer programming CTP can empower recipients of humanitarian assistance to choose how to best meet their needs. At least 4.


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Times News Platforms. Real Estate. Facebook Twitter Show more sharing options Share Close extra sharing options. In , a man carries a bag of food delivered by the U. May 10, Tons of basic food supplies such as grains, flour and protein powders, donated by the U. Agency for International Development, are kept in secured buildings to provide for the hundreds of thousands of people at the Dadaab refugee camp in Kenya.

They are paid by community contributions for the maintenance of wells.