For Coquebert de Montbret, Irish is not simply ancient: with its forty words for a ship and as many for a horse, it is more compact, imaginative and lyrical than the language that ousted it What they hear but what they also see, the very landscape all around, bears witness to a strong, unbroken relationship with the past, stretching back to pre-Christian times.
Key social rituals like those surrounding death hark back to pagan times:. More than anywhere else in Ireland it is somehow poised half way between this and another world, with its land being shared between human and otherworld creatures. Near Lough Arrow in County Sligo, Coquebert de Montbret points without further commentary to a field where otherworld creatures are said to have clashed in battle. Off the Mayo coast, he notes, the island of eternal youth, Tir na nOg , is said to appear and disappear While not sharing such peasant beliefs, French travellers such as Leduc, Legras and Coquebert de Montbret clearly look on them with interest and respect.
Mespoulet and Mignon rhapsodise on the impact that the western landscape with its huge skies and vast horizons has on the imagination of the locals For de Bovet, the innate nobility of the people of the west, poor as they are, is explained by their proximity to the immense ocean In a revealing comparison, she depicts the westerners looking out over the majestic Atlantic like Napoleon gazing on the pyramids of Egypt, face to face with something powerful and awe-inspiring All this they lament. In Galway in , sadness tinges the observations of Sorbonne-educated Mespoulet and Mignon: machines are replacing handwork as modern means of cloth production oust old ones; women no longer wear the scarlet costumes that had so bewitched and bewildered the likes of Synge: these clothes seem to have been not simply forgotten but deliberately rejected: a certain vehemence tinges the declaration that women not only no longer want to wear them but no longer even want to hear about them.
It is as if the clothes themselves had become a kind of symbol for the past that people are now, as with their language, deliberately casting off And just as people no longer make the clothes they wear, they no longer cut the turf that had kept them warm for centuries. Thus, the importation of coal from England to replace locally cut turf further serves to further alienate the people of the west from their roots Indeed, so numerous are they that the local train is always full of tourists The western coastline is fast becoming like any other western coastline.
This leaves an unspoken question somehow hanging in the air: why would any French person bother travelling all the way to Ireland to experience what is readily available to them back home? Thus, many of them had come to Ireland seeking to experience some kind of fixed, immutable past. All too frequently, they come away disappointed … except, occasionally, from west of the Shannon.
It is becoming something else: a pale imitation of its powerful neighbour to the East. For some, old ways revolving around realities such as religion, far from representing interesting examples of archaism and authenticity, are lambasted as proof of degeneracy and of intellectual backwardness. In an adjoining room are their animals, a juxtaposition that he seems to find appropriate and significant.
The west of Ireland peasants they were sent to liberate, with their paganism and superstition, appal these sons of the Enlightenment.
The French commentators appear frankly embarrassed to be associated with them. As for the peasants the French met on their way:. Instead, in their accounts carefully crafted for an audience back in Paris, they scapegoat the Irish for their failure of their expedition, their robust vocabulary translating their sense of anger and disbelief: is this what they have come so far and risked so much for?
For the French commentators, the story ends not too tragically: it ends in Dublin, in defeat, admittedly, but at least in a European urban centre, far away from the mud and misery of the west of Ireland, among their own class, fellow officers whose regrettable Englishness is more than outweighed by their admirable ability to speak some French. Most users should sign in with their email address. If you originally registered with a username please use that to sign in.
To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above. Don't already have an Oxford Academic account? Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. Sign In or Create an Account.
Sign In. Advanced Search.
REVIEWS | French Studies | Oxford Academic
Article Navigation. Close mobile search navigation Article Navigation. Volume XLVI. Oxford Academic. Light copyediting. Conference: in front of an audience. See below. Translation and copyediting. Supplemental charge of 10 percent if you require a turnaround of less than 72 hours. Feel free to tell people! Hourly rate for documents under 40, words.
Beyond that number, a degressive rate will be applied:. Supplemental charge of 10 percent if your text requires an extensive formatting and layout. Hourly rate for one interpretor. The number of interpretors required is left to the discretion of TSL Langues. Supplemental charge of 10 percent from 7pm to 9pm. Supplemental charge of 25 percent during the night, from 9pm to 8am.
Supplemental charge of 40 percent on Sundays and french bank holidays. TSL Langues respects the Code of Ethics of Sign language interpretors: delivering the message without changing it, remaining neutral and being bound by professional secrecy. The temptations of a new genetically informed eugenics and of a revived faith-based, world-wide political stance, this study of the interaction of science, religion, politics and the culture of celebrity in twentieth-century Europe and America offers a fascinating and important contribution to the history of this movement.
The author looks at the career of French-born physician and Nobel Prize winner, Alexis Carrel , as a way of understanding the popularization of eugenics through religious faith, scientific expertise, cultural despair and right-wing politics in the s and s. Carrel was among the most prestigious experimental surgeons of his time who also held deeply illiberal views.
Gabrielle Roy, First Edition
In Man, the Unknown , he endorsed fascism and called for the elimination of the "unfit. In , he went into the service of the French pro-German regime of Vichy, which appointed him to head an institution of eugenics research. From their origins, railways produced an intense competition between the two major continental systems in France and Germany. Fitting a new technology into existing political institutions and social habits, these two nations became inexorably involved in industrial and commercial rivalry that eventually escalated into the armed conflict of Based on many years of research in French and German archives, this study examines the adaptation of railroads and steam engines from Britain to the continent of Europe after the Napoleonic age.
A fascinating example of how the same technology, borrowed at the same time from the same source, was assimilated differently by the two continental powers, this book offers a groundbreaking analysis of the crossroads of technology and politics during the first Industrial Revolution. Advances in audiovisual technology, most notably the advent of the popular usage of digital technology in the last few years, have altered the face of popular television.
Thanks to cable, satellite and now digital technology, television broadcasts can reach an international audience. The reaction from cultural critics has been mixed. Why is this so? Both monuments, the author argues, are unique in the history of memorial projects.
Douglas Kennedy, the Man for Whom Crime Paid
Although they are genuine "sites of memory", neither monument celebrates history, but rather serve as platforms for the deliberation, negotiation and promotion of social consensus over the memorial status of war crimes in France and Germany. The debates over these monuments indicate that it is the communication among members of the public via the mass media, rather than qualities inherent in the sites themselves, which transformed these sites into symbols beyond traditional conceptions of heritage and patriotism.
Well into the s, Strasbourg, France, was the site of a curious and little-noted experiment: Ungemach, a garden city dating back to the high days of eugenic experimentation that offered luxury living to couples who were deemed biologically fit and committed to contractual childbearing targets. Supported by public authorities, Ungemach aimed to accelerate human evolution by increasing procreation among eugenically selected parents.
He casts a troubling light on the influence that eugenics continues to exert—even decades after being discredited as a pseudoscience—in realms as diverse as developmental psychology, postwar policymaking, and liberal-democratic ideals of personal fulfilment. What view of man did the French Revolutionaries hold? Anyone who purports to be interested in the "Rights of Man" could be expected to see this question as crucial and yet, surprisingly, it is rarely raised. Through his work as a legal historian, Xavier Martin came to realize that there is no unified view of man and that, alongside the "official" revolutionary discourse, very divergent views can be traced in a variety of sources from the Enlightenment to the Napoleonic Code.
Michelet's phrases, "Know men in order to act upon them" sums up the problem that Martin's study constantly seeks to elucidate and illustrate: it reveals the prevailing tendency to see men as passive, giving legislators and medical people alike free rein to manipulate them at will. His analysis impels the reader to revaluate the Enlightenment concept of humanism. By drawing on a variety of sources, the author shows how the anthropology of Enlightenment and revolutionary France often conflicts with concurrent discourses. French security policy has posed a puzzle to many people outside France, including politicians and even defense specialists such as the author, who took time off from his administrative position in Whitehall in order to study French thinking about security in detail.
As with many other studies, he takes as his point of departure the traumatic defeat of but argues that the origins of current French policy are grounded in events and ideas that go back hundreds of years. They are ideas that are scarcely known or often misinterpreted in the Anglo-Saxon world. The events of have been seen as a decisive turning point in the Western world.
The author takes a critical look at "May " and questions whether the events were in fact as "revolutionary" as French and foreign commentators have indicated.
- Lhéritière des Karedes (Le royaume des Karedes t. 8) (French Edition);
- Les nouvelles sociologies (128) (French Edition)!
- My Passionate Mother: A Novel.
- She Said This, He Said That?
- Sainte Bible; Holy Bible (Bilingual Edition). Nouveau Testament; New Testament (LogosLight Book 2);
- Themen in der mündlichen Heilpraktiker (Über)Prüfung (German Edition)?
- Douglas Kennedy, the Man for Whom Crime Paid.
He concludes the student movement changed little that had not already been challenged and altered in the late fifties and early sixties.